Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that addresses jawbone atrophy, or bone loss in the jaw, by replacing lost tissue and stimulating new growth.
This procedure sounds pretty serious, doesn’t it?
Actually, here at Northeast Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, bone grafting is a simple, minimally-invasive procedure that we perform in our office on a daily basis. We recommend this quick and easy procedure frequently for a variety of patients because it is both simple and highly effective for restoring bone density.
Benefits of Bone Grafting
Facial injuries, advanced gum disease and tooth loss can result in jawbone atrophy, and ongoing tissue loss can result in further problems. Left untreated, the jaw is more likely to fracture, the risk of future tooth loss increases and the face takes on an aged, sunken appearance. What’s more, for patients without adequate jawbone support, dental implants are not an option.
Grafting works to reverse jawbone atrophy and helps protect patients from suffering oral health issues. Bone grafts also preserve facial volume to maintain a more youthful appearance, and the procedure can provide the necessary jawbone density for dental implant surgery success.
Bone Grafting Materials
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons use four types of grafts in patients with jawbone atrophy. The grafting materials include:
- Autografts – Bone tissue from the patient’s body
- Allografts – Human bone from a tissue bank
- Xenografts – Biocompatible tissue from a pig or cow
- Alloplasts – Synthetic tissue made from biocompatible resins
Certain types of grafts may be recommended over others, but patient needs and preferences are always considered. Before deciding which grafting material to use, oral and maxillofacial surgeons discuss the matter and ask for patient input.
The Bone Grafting Process
As we mentioned, the bone graft procedure is simple and minimally-invasive. Aside from the initial consultation, the process involves just a few steps:
- Administration of local anesthesia and, if requested, oral sedation, laughing gas or intravenous (IV) sedation
- A small incision in the gums, followed by placement of the grafting material
- Suturing of the surgical site and, if necessary, placement of a membrane around the graft tissue
Recovery from bone graft surgery is much like that for a tooth extraction, with just a day or two of minor discomfort and mild swelling. The new tissue can take six to nine months to fully integrate into the jawbone, but patients don’t notice any symptoms from the graft during this time.
Do You Need Bone Grafting?
If you have jawbone atrophy and are interested in getting dental implants, or if bone loss in the jaw is putting you at risk for future tooth loss and oral health issues, you may need bone graft surgery.
For an expert evaluation in the central Indiana area, make an appointment with the board-certified professionals at Northeast Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery.
With than 10 years of experience performing oral and maxillofacial procedures, Dr. Garrison and Dr. Kelly have extensive skill in bone graft surgery. Northeast Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is known throughout the greater Indianapolis area for our compassionate care – we aim to provide every patient with a positive experience.
For more information, or to schedule a bone grafting consultation with the Northeast Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery team, contact us today.