Oral surgery for facial trauma

Oral Surgery & Treating Facial Trauma

If you suffer a traumatic injury to the face or mouth, you might need oral surgery.

Facial trauma — whether due to a bad fall, car crash, workplace incident, sports mishap or assault — doesn’t always require surgical intervention. However, consulting with an experienced local oral surgeon is essential if your injuries are serious.

Oral surgery for facial trauma

Facial Fractures

Broken bones in the upper or lower jaw, cheeks, eye sockets or nose usually require oral surgery. Facial fractures often affect the ability to breathe, speak, eat or see, and surgical treatment can resolve the problem.

When you think about treatment for a broken bone, you probably picture a cast. With facial fractures, however, casts aren’t appropriate. Instead, to treat this type of facial trauma, an oral surgeon may use a number of techniques.

If the broken bones cannot be reset without surgical intervention, an oral surgeon may consider rigid fixation. With this approach, the bones are stabilized with tiny metal plates and screws.

Tooth Loss

With facial trauma, tooth loss is quite common. Patients sometimes believe this is merely a cosmetic issue, but missing teeth can lead to serious oral health problems.

After tooth loss, the jawbone begins to degenerate. Over time, issues with tooth misalignment can crop up, as the neighboring teeth shift to fill the gap. Missing teeth also make eating more difficult. Any or all these difficulties can also give rise to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder, a painful condition involving dysfunction in the jaw.

When facial trauma results in tooth loss, oral surgeons typically recommend dental implant surgery. Dental implants are nearly indistinguishable from natural teeth in fit, function and appearance. Plus, since they’re placed in the jaw, implants help prevent jawbone degeneration.

Does Facial Trauma Always Require an Oral Surgery Consultation?

For small scrapes, bruises or cuts, professional attention may not be necessary. But sometimes, seemingly slight facial injuries can be accompanied by unseen damage to the nerves, glands or muscles. Issues with the teeth or jaw may also present after what first appears to be minor facial trauma.

In those cases, oral surgery can be the only way to prevent long-term issues. However, patients may not even realize that surgical treatment is required. For that reason, scheduling an oral surgery consultation is wise for anyone with facial injuries – why risk the chance of future problems?

If you suffer a traumatic facial injury in central Indiana, call on the professional team at Northeast Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery for expert care.

Our highly skilled oral surgeons, Dr. Garrison and Dr. Kelly, have the training, knowledge and experience to evaluate your injuries and provide the proper treatment to ensure your ongoing health while minimizing the effects on your appearance. For facial trauma care from the Northeast Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery team, contact our Indianapolis, Indiana, office and schedule an oral surgery consultation today.