Types of oral surgery

Common Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Procedures

Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, defects and injuries of the mouth, teeth and face. Surgical procedures can resolve functional difficulties and enhance facial aesthetics, improving quality of life.

Dentists, orthodontists and doctors refer patients to oral and maxillofacial surgeons for complex treatments that are outside their scope of expertise. Below, we discuss some of the most common procedures performed by these surgical specialists.

Types of oral surgery

Dental Implant Placement

Dental implants are the preferred tooth restoration option, and the process of placing implanted teeth involves surgery. Some dentists can perform the procedure, but the success rate is higher for implants placed by a specialist. In addition, implant placement often requires bone grafting, a surgical treatment most dentists do not perform. 

Wisdom Teeth Removal

Dentists can do simple wisdom tooth extraction procedures, but frequently refer patients to surgical specialists instead. Wisdom teeth are often impacted or require complex removal techniques. Oral surgeons are qualified to handle any complications that may arise. 

Oral Cancer Treatment

When dental or medical professionals detect potential signs of oral cancer, they refer patients to oral surgeons. Specialists have the skills to perform biopsies or other diagnostic tests and the expertise to determine an effective treatment approach. 

Corrective Jaw Surgery

For some patients with misaligned bites, orthodontic treatment alone cannot effectively correct the problem. In these cases, orthodontists call on oral and maxillofacial surgeons to perform procedures to reposition the jaw.

Congenital Defect Correction

Treating cleft palates, cleft lips, congenitally missing teeth and other birth defects typically requires surgery. Specialists have knowledge, training and experience in surgical techniques that restore mouth structure and facial appearance.  

TMJ Disorder Treatment

When conservative, non-invasive treatments fail to alleviate the symptoms of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder, a surgical approach may be recommended. Specialists can repair damage to the affected jaw joint, eliminating the source of pain and restoring the ability to easily open and close the mouth. 

Can Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Benefit You?

The board-certified surgeons at Northeast Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Dr. Garrison and Dr. Kelly, offer a full range of diagnostic services and treatments for patients in the central Indiana area. We provide high-quality, compassionate care. We want everyone who comes into our Indianapolis office to have a positive experience.

If you suspect you are in need of surgical treatment and want an expert opinion — or if you have a referral from your dentist, orthodontist or doctor — schedule a consultation with the professional team at Northeast Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery today.